2. Publications

ΔPostdoc; δPhD Student; σMS Student; *Senior Author

54. Wang, S., Zhang, Y., Ju, W., Ciais, P., Cescatti, A., Sardans, J., Campbell, E., Berry, J.A., Piao, S., Janssens, I.A., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Smith, W.K., Yuan, W., He, W., Lombardozzi, D., Kautz, M., Zhu, D., Lienert, S., Kato, E., Poulter, B., Sanders, T.G.M., Krüger, I., Zeng, N., Tian, H., Vuichard, N., Jain, A.K., Wiltshire, A., Haverd, V., Goll, D.S., Peñuelas J. 2020. Recent global decline of CO2 fertilization effects on vegetation photosynthesis. Science 370, 1295-1300.

53. O’Sullivan, M., Smith, W.K., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Arora, V.K., Haverd, V., Jain, A., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Lombardozzi, D., Nabel, J., Tian, H., Vuichard, N., Wiltshire, A., Zhu, D., Buermann W. 2020. Climate-driven variability and trends in plant productivity over recent decades based on three global products. Global Biogeochemical Cycles DOI: 10.1029/2020GB006613.

52. Yang, J.σ, Magney, T., Yan, D.Δ, Knowles, J., Smith, W.K., Scott, R., Barron-Gafford, G. 2020. The photochemical reflectance index (PRI) captures the ecohydrologic sensitivity of a semi-arid mixed conifer forest. Journal of Geophysical Research–Biogeosciences DOI: 10.1029/2019JG005624.

51. Hartman, M.D., Parton, W.J., Peck, D., Derner , J.D., Fuchs, B., Schulte, D., Smith, W.K., Chen, M., Day, K.A., Del Grosso, S.J., Lutz, S., Gao, W. 2020. Seasonal Grassland Productivity Forecast for the U.S. Great Plains using Grass-Cast. Ecosphere DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.3280.

50. Walker, A.P., De Kauwe, M.G., Bastos, A., Belmecheri, S., Georgiou, K., Keeling, R., McMahon, S., Medlyn, B.E., Moore, D.J.P., Norby R.J., Zaehle, S., …, Smith, W.K., … 2020. Integrating the evidence for a terrestrial carbon sink caused by increasing atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist DOI: 10.1111/nph.16866 (Faculty of 1000 Ecology).

49. Wang, X.δ, Dannenberg, M.P.Δ, Yan, D.Δ, Jones, M.O., Kimball, J.S., Moore, D.J.P., van Leeuwen, W.J.D., Didan, K., Smith, W.K.* 2020. Globally consistent patterns of asynchrony in the phenology of optical, microwave, and fluorescence satellite data. Journal of Geophysical Research–Biogeosciences DOI: 10.1029/2020JG005732.

48. Javadian, M.σ, Behrangi, A., Smith, W.K., Fisher, J.B. 2020. Global Trends in Evapotranspiration Dominated by Increases across Large Cropland Regions. Remote Sensing DOI: 10.3390/rs12071221.

47. Dannenberg, M.P.Δ, Wang, X.δ, Yan, D.Δ, Smith, W.K.* 2020. Phenological characteristics of global ecosystems based on optical, fluorescence, and microwave remote sensing. Remote Sensing DOI: 10.3390/rs12040671.

46. Smith, W.K.*, Fox, A.M., MacBean, N.L., Moore, D.J.P., Parazoo, N.C. 2020. Tansley Insight: Constraining estimates of terrestrial carbon uptake: New opportunities using long-term satellite observations and data assimilation. New Phytologist DOI: 10.1111/nph.16055.

45. Yu, K., Smith, W.K., Trugman, A.T., Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P., Sardans, J., Peng, C., Penuelas, J., Anderegg, W.R.L. 2019. Pervasive decreases in living vegetation carbon turnover time across forest climate zones. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1821387116.

44. Chen, M., Parton, W.J., Hartman, M.D., Del Grosso, S.J., Smith, W.K., Knapp, A.K., Lutz, S., Derner, J.D., Tucker, C.J., Ojima, D.S., Volesky, J.D., Stephenson, M.B., Gao, W. 2019. Assessing Precipitation, Evapotranspiration, and NDVI as Controls of U.S. Great Plains Plant Production. Ecosphere 10, e02889.

43. Dannenberg, M.P.Δ, Wise, E.K., Smith, W.K.* 2019. Reduced forest growth due to asymmetric responses to intensifying precipitation extremes. Science Advances 5, eaaw0667.

42. Smith, W.K.*, Dannenberg, M.P.Δ , Yan, D.Δ , Herrmann, S., Barnes, M.L., Barron-Gafford, G.A., Biederman, J.A., Ferrenberg, S., Fox, A.M., Hudson, Knowles, J.F., MacBean, N., Moore, D.J.P., Nagler, P.L., Reed, S.C., Rutherford, W.A., Scott, R.L., Wang, X.δ , Yang, J. 2019. Remote sensing of dryland ecosystem structure and function: Progress, challenges, and opportunities. Remote Sensing of Environment 233, 111401.

41. Yuan, W., Zheng, Y., Piao, S., Ciais, P., Lombardozzi, D., Wang, Y., Ryu, Y., Chen, G., Cox, P., Dong, W., Hu, Z., Jain, A.K., Jiang, C., Kato, E., Li, S., Lienert, S., Liu, S., Nabel, J., Qin, Z., Quine, T., Sitch, S., Smith, W.K., Wang, F., Wu, C., Xiao, Z., Yang, S. 2019. Increased atmospheric vapor pressure deficit reduces global vegetation growth. Science Advances 5, eaax1396 (Faculty of 1000 Ecology).

40. Renwick, K.M., Fellows, A., Flerchinger, G.N., Lohse, K.A., Clark, P.E., Smith, W.K., Emmett, K., Poulter, B. 2019. Modeling phenological controls on carbon dynamics in dryland sagebrush ecosystems. Agriculture & Forest Meteorology 274, 85-94.

39. Bastos, A., Ciais, P., Chevallier, F., Rödenbeck, C., Ballantyne, A.P., Maignan, F., Yin, Y., Fernandez-Martinez, M., Friedlinstein, P., Peñuelas, J., Piao, S.L., Sitch, S., Smith W.K., Wang, X., Zhu, Z. et al. 2019. Contrasting effects of CO2 fertilisation, land-use change and warming on seasonal amplitude of northern hemisphere CO2 exchange. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics DOI: 10.5194/acp-2019-252.

38. Shiklomanov, A.N., Bradley, B.A., Dahlin, K., Fox, A., Gough, C., Hoffman, F.M., Middleton, E., Serbin, S., Smallman, L., Smith, W.K. 2019. Enhancing global change experiments through integration of remote sensing techniques. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment DOI: 10.1002/fee.2031.

37. Levesque, M., Andreu-Hayles, L., Smith, W.K., Williams, A.P., Hobi, M.L., Pederson, N. Tree-ring isotopes capture interannual vegetation productivity dynamics at the biome scale. Nature Communications 10, 742.

36.  Smith, W.K.*, Pennington, D.N., Johnson, J.A., Nelson, E., Polasky, S., Milder, J.C., Gerber, J.S., West, P.C., Siebert, S., Brauman, K.A., Carlson, K.M., Arbuthnot, M. 2019. Voluntary sustainability standards could significantly reduce detrimental impacts of global agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1707812116.

35.  Yan, D.Δ, Scott, R.L., Moore, D.J.P., Biederman, J.A., Smith, W.K.* Understanding the relationship between vegetation greenness and productivity across dryland ecosystems through the integration of PhenoCam, satellite, and eddy covariance data. 2019Remote Sensing of Environment DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2018.12.029.

34. Fox, A.M., Hoar, T.J., Anderson, J.L., Arellano, A.F., Smith, W.K., Litvak, M.E., MacBean, N., Schimel, D.S., Moore, D.J.P. 2018. Evaluation of a Data Assimilation System for Land Surface Models using CLM4.5. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems DOI: 10.1029/2018MS001362.

33. Buermann, W., Forkel, M., O’Sullivan, M., Sitch, S.S., Friedlingstein, P., Haverd, V., Jain, A.K., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Nabel, J.E.M.S, Tian, H., Wiltshire, A.J., Zhu, D., Smith, W.K., Richardson, A.D. 2018. Widespread seasonal compensation effects of spring warming on northern plant productivity. Nature 562, 110-114.

32. Tucker, C., Yan, D.Δ, Dannenberg, M.P.Δ, Reed, S.C., Smith, W.K.* 2018. Science at the Frontier: Multi-method research to evaluate ecosystem change across multiple scales. New Phytologist DOI: 10.1111/nph.15195.

31. Robinson, N.P., Allred, B.W., Smith, W.K., Jones, M.O., Moreno, A., Erickson, T.A., Naugle, D.E., Running, S.W. 2018. Terrestrial primary production for the conterminous United States derived from Landsat 30 m and MODIS 250 mRemote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation DOI: 10.1002/rse2.74.

30. Dannenberg, M.Δ, Wise, E., Janko, M., Hwang, T., Smith, W.K.* 2018. Atmospheric teleconnection influence on North American land surface phenology. Environmental Research Letters DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aaa85a.

29. Smith, W.K.*, Biederman, J.A., Scott, R.L., Moore, D.J.P., He, M., Kimball, J.S., Yan, D.Δ, Hudson, A., Barnes, M.L., MacBean, N., Fox, A., Litvak, M.E. 2018. Chlorophyll Fluorescence Better Captures Seasonal and Interannual Gross Primary Productivity Dynamics Across Dryland Ecosystems of Southwestern North America. Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2017GL075922.

28. Chen, M., Parton, W.J., Del Grosso, S.J., Hartman, M.D., Day, K., Tucker, C.J., Derner, J.D., Knapp, A.K., Smith, W.K., Ojima, D.S., Gao, W. 2018. The signature of sea surface temperature anomalies on the dynamics of semi-arid grassland productivity. Ecosphere DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2069.

27. Sloat, L.L., Gerber, J.S., Samberg, L.H., Smith, W.K., Herrero, M., Ferreira, L.G., Godde, C.M., Power, B., Waha, K., West, P.C. 2018. Increasing importance of precipitation variability for global livestock grazing landsNature Climate Change 8, 214-218.

26. Wood, S., Jones, S., Johnson, J.A., Brauman, K., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Fremier, A.,  Girvetz, E., Gordon, L.J., Kappel, K., Mandle, L., Mulligan, M., O’Farrell, P., Smith, W.K., Willemen, L., Zhang, W., DeClerck, F. 2017. Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals. Ecosystem Services 29, 70-82.

25. Liu, Y., Piao, S., Xu, L., Ciais, P., Smith, W.K. 2017. Seasonal responses of terrestrial carbon cycle to climate variation in the CMIP5 models: evaluation and projection. Journal of Climate DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0555.1.

24. Biederman, J.A., Scott, R.L., Bell, T.W., Bowling, D.R., Dore, S., Garatuza-Payan, J., Kolb, T.E., Krishnan, P., Krofcheck, D.J., Litvak, M.E., Maurer, G.E., Meyers, T.P., Oechel, W.C., Papuga, S.A., Ponce-Campos, G.E., Rodriguez, J.C., Smith, W.K., Vargas, R., Watts, C.J., Yepez, E.A., Goulden, M.L. 2017. Carbon and water exchange across dryland ecosystems of southwestern North America. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13686.

23. Wang, J., Dong, J., Yi, Y., Lu, G., Oyler, J., Smith, W.K., Zhao, M., Liu, J., Running, S.W. 2017. Decreasing net primary production due to drought and slight decreases in solar radiation in China from 2000 to 2012. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences DOI: 10.1002/2016JG003417.

22. Ballantyne, A.P., Smith, W.K., Anderegg, W.R.L., Kauppi, P., Sarmiento, J., Tans, P., Shevliakova, E., Pan, Y., Poulter, B., Anav, A., Friedlingstein, P., Houghton, R., Running, S.W. 2017. Accelerating net terrestrial carbon uptake during the warming hiatus due to reduced respiration. Nature Climate Change DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE3204.

21. Ahrestani, F.S., Smith, W.K., Hebblewhite, M., Running, S.W., Post, E. 2016. Variation in stability of elk and red deer populations with abiotic and biotic factors at the species-distribution scale. Ecology 97, 3184-94.

20. Smith, W.K.*, Reed, S.C., Cleveland, C.C., Ballantyne, A.P., Anderegg, W.R.L., Wieder, W.R., Liu, Y.Y., Running, S.W. 2016. Large divergence of satellite and Earth system model estimates of global terrestrial CO2 fertilization. Nature Climate Change 6, 306–310. (Faculty of 1000 Ecology)

19. Anderegg, W.R.L., Ballantyne, A.P., Smith, W.K., Majkut, J., Rabin, S., Kauppi, P., Beauleau, C., Birdsey, R., Dunne, J, Houghton, R, Myneni, R., Pan, Y., Sarmiento, J., Serota, N., Shevliakova, E., Tans, P., Pacala S. 2015. Sensitivity of respiration to tropical nighttime warming drives increasing variability in the terrestrial carbon sink. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1521479112.

18. Wieder, W.R., Cleveland, C.C., Smith, W.K., Todd-Brown, K. 2015. Land unlikely to become large carbon source-ResponseNature Geoscience 8, 893–894.

17. Cleveland, C.C., Taylor, P., Chadwick, D.K., Dahlin, K., Doughty, C.E., Malhi, Y., Smith, W.K., Sullivan, B.W., Wieder, W.R., Townsend, A.R. 2015. A comparison of plot-based satellite and Earth system model estimates of tropical forest net primary productivity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29, 626-644. Special Issue: Trends and Determinants of the Amazon Rainforests in a Changing World, A Carbon Cycle Perspective.

16. Allred, B.W., Smith, W.K., Twidwell, D., Haggerty, J.H., Running, S.W., Naugle, D.E., Fuhlenforf, S.D. 2015. Ecosystem services lost to oil and gas in North America. Science 328, 401-402.

15. Wieder, W.R., Cleveland, C.C., Smith, W.K., Todd-Brown, K. 2015. Nutrient availability strongly constrains future terrestrial productivity and carbon storage. Nature Geoscience 8, 441–444.

14. Cavaleri, M.A., Reed, S.C., Smith, W.K., Wood, T.E. 2015Urgent need for warming experiments in tropical forests. Global Change Biology 21, 2111-2121.

13. Small, E.E., Larson K.M, Smith, W.K. 2014. Normalized Microwave Reflectance Index: Validation of Water Content Estimates from Montana GrasslandsIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 7, 1512-1521.

12. Sullivan, B.W., Smith, W.K., Nasto, M.K., Reed, S.C., Townsend, A.R., Chazdon, R., Cleveland, C.C. 2014. Spatially robust estimates of biological nitrogen (N) fixation imply substantial human alteration of the tropical N cycle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 111, 8101-8106.

11. Hurley, M.A., Hebblewhite, M., Gaillard, J., Dray, S., Taylor, K.A., Smith, W.K., Zager, P., Bonenfant, C. 2014. Functional analysis of NDVI curves reveals overwinter mule deer survival is driven by both spring and fall phenology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 369, 20130196.

10. Wang, J., Dong, J., Liu, J., Huang, M., Li, G., Running, S.W., Smith, W.K., Harris, W., Fujinuma, Y., Kondo, H., Lui, Y., Hirano, T., Gamo, M., Xiao, X. 2014. Comparison of Gross Primary Productivity Estimates derived from GIMMS NDVI3g, GIMMS, and MODIS in Southeast AsiaRemote Sensing 6, 2108-2133. Special Issue: Monitoring Global Vegetation with AVHRR NDVI3g Data (1981-2011).

9. Smith, W.K., Cleveland, C.C., Reed, S.C., Running, S.W. 2014. Agricultural conversion without external water and nutrient inputs reduces terrestrial vegetation productivity. Geophysical Research Letters 41, 449-455.

8. Haberl, H., Erb, K.H., Krausmann, F., Running, S.W., Searchinger, T.D., Smith, W.K. 2013. Bioenergy: how much can we expect for 2050? Environmental Research Letters 8, 031004.

7. Cleveland, C.C., Houlton, B.Z., Smith, W.K., Marklein, A.R., Reed, S.C., Parton, W.J., Del Grosso, S.J., Running, S.W. 2013. Patterns of new versus recycled primary production in the terrestrial biosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110, 12733-12737.

6. Running, S.W., Smith, W.K. 2012. Pushing the Planetary Boundaries-Response. Science 338, 1420-1420.

5. Smith, W.K., Zhao, M., Running, S.W. 2012. Global bioenergy capacity as constrained by observed biospheric productivity rates. BioScience 62, 911-922.

4. Smith, W.K., Cleveland, C.C., Reed, S.C., Miller, N.L., Running, S.W. 2012. Bioenergy potential of the United States constrained by satellite observations of existing productivity. Environmental Science & Technology 46, 3536-3544.

3. Rout, M.E., Chrzanowski, T.H., Smith, W.K., Gough L. 2012. Ecological impacts of the invasive grass Sorghum halepense on native tallgrass prairie. Biological Invasions 15, 327-339.

2. Smith, W.K., Gao, W., Steltzer, H., Wallenstein, M.D., Tree, R. 2010. Moisture availability influences the effect of ultraviolet-B radiation on leaf litter decomposition. Global Change Biology 16, 484-495.

1. Smith, W.K., Gao, W., Steltzer, H. 2009. Current and future impacts of ultraviolet radiation on the terrestrial carbon balance. Frontiers of Earth Science 3, 34-41.